Cancer is a serious and life-threatening disease that kills a large part of the world’s population every year. Each of us, at some point in our lives, will experience grief and pain because of cancer, as a patient, a family member, or a friend.
Every year, roughly 10 million people are diagnosed with cancer worldwide, and more than 6 million people die from it; there are currently over 22 million cancer patients worldwide.
Given these alarming statistics, it’s natural for all of us to be concerned and find ways to prevent this deadly disease. But there are conflicting reports about cancer prevention because the subject is still subject to considerable research and debate.
However, it’s widely believed that your genes and lifestyle choices play a major role in your chances of developing cancer.
So, if you’re interested in preventing the fatal disease, simple lifestyle changes can make a massive difference. These cancer-prevention tips will greatly help.
1. Quit smoking
Tobacco use, in any form, increases your odds of developing cancer. Smoking has been associated to a variety of cancers, including lung, mouth, throat, larynx, pancreatic, bladder, cervix, and kidney cancers. Tobacco chewing has been linked to oral cavity and pancreatic cancer. Even if you don’t smoke, secondhand smoke might raise your chances of getting lung cancer.
Quitting smoking, or your decision to cease it, is the first major step to prevent the disease.
2. Maintain a balanced diet
Eating a healthy diet is key to preventing cancer. Here are some important suggestions to follow.
• Consume a variety of fruits and vegetables. Focus your diet on fruits, vegetables, and other plant-based foods like whole grains and beans.
• Keep a healthy weight. Choose fewer high-calorie foods, such as refined carbohydrates and animal fat, to lose weight and gain muscle.
• If you must consume alcohol, do it in moderation. The amount of alcohol you drink and the length of time you’ve been drinking consistently raises your chance of several types of cancer, including cancers of the breast, colon, lung, kidney, and liver.
3. Be physically active
Maintaining a healthy weight may reduce the incidence of many cancers, including breast, prostate, lung, colon, and kidney cancers.
Physical activity is also important, as it may reduce your chances of breast and colon cancer while helping regulate your weight.
Adults who engage in any level of physical activity boost their health. However, for significant health advantages, aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate aerobic activity or 75 minutes of vigorous aerobic activity every week. A combination of moderate and strenuous activities is also possible. Include at least 30 minutes of physical activity in your daily routine as a general goal — and if you can do more, all the better.
4. Avoid being exposed to the sun
Protecting your skin from the sun keeps you from developing skin cancer, which is the most common and preventable type of cancer. Try these tips to prevent this cancer.
• Stay out of the sun during daytime hours. Avoid the sun during the hours of 10 a.m. and 4 p.m., when the sun’s rays are the strongest. Also, stay as much as possible in the shade when venturing out. Sunglasses and a wide-brimmed hat are also beneficial.
• Protect your skin from sun. To cover as much of your skin as possible, wear clothing that is tightly woven and loose fitting. Bright or dark colors reflect more UV energy than pastels or bleached cotton.
• Use plenty of sunblock. Use a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30 even on cloudy days. Apply sunscreen liberally and reapply every two hours if needed.
5. Get inoculated
Protection against certain viral infections is part of cancer prevention. Consult your doctor about getting vaccinated against the following diseases:
- Hepatitis B: The disease can raise your chances of getting liver cancer. Adults who are sexually active but not in a mutually monogamous relationship, people with sexually transmitted infections, people who use intravenous drugs, men who have sex with men, and health care or public safety workers who might be exposed to infected blood or body fluids should all get the hepatitis B vaccine.
- Human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is a sexually transmitted virus that can cause cervical cancer and other genital malignancies, as well as head and neck squamous cell cancers. For girls and boys aged 11 and 12, the HPV vaccine is recommended. The vaccine Gardasil 9 was just approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for males and females aged 9 to 45.
6. Lead a clean, risk-free life
Another effective method to prevent cancer is to steer clear of pompous, reckless and risky behaviors that can lead to infections, raising the possibility of the lethal disease. For example:
- Have healthy sex. When having sex, limit the number of sexual partners you have and use a condom. The more sexual partners you have over the course of your life, the more likely you are to get a sexually transmitted infection like HIV or HPV. Cancers of the anus, liver, and lung are more common in HIV/AIDS patients. HPV is most commonly linked to cervical cancer, but it may also increase the risk of anus, penis, throat, vulva, and vaginal cancers.
- Never share needles. Sharing needles with intravenous drug users can spread HIV, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C, which can raise the risk of liver cancer. Seek expert help if you’re worried about drug abuse or addiction.
7. Seek regular medical attention
Your odds of detecting cancer at an early stage — when treatment may well be successful — is possible only if you carry out regular self-exams and screenings for various types of cancers, including cancer of the skin, colon, and breast. And this can be done by seeking regular medical care under a qualified doctor. Thanks to several advances and breakthroughs in the treatment of the disease, the market is awash with a glut of medications. Glivec 100 mg is one of the highly effective cancer medicines that is readily available at Pakistan’s premier online drugstore, MedOnline.
True, cancer is a disease whose sheer mention is likely to send anyone’s shivers down their spine. And the reason being that the treatment of the disease is highly expensive and entails considerable physical and mental trauma not only for the patient but also for their families. Plus, certain types of cancer are also excruciatingly painful. The good news, however, is that the tactics listed above may assuage the likelihood of an individual developing the pernicious and life-threatening disease that takes millions of lives every year.