Mosquito is although a very tiny creature but this very tiny creature is considered as one of the most dangerous tiny creatures on the earth. Because it is capable to spread the most noxious diseases among people and in some cases people even die of the harmful infections. Some mosquitoes are considered highly deadly for spreading their toxic diseases among human or animal. Such mosquitoes are measured as dangerous disease transmitting tiny creatures who spread diseases from human or animal to another.
Naturally, these diseases are spread by a type of virus or tiny parasite. For instance, if a mosquito bites a sick person; thus, it picks up a virus from that infected person along with its blood meal and when it bites another healthy person, the virus is injected into his body. So, the healthy person is also infected with the same virus and gets ill. Such dangerous infected viruses are mostly carried out by the bite of an infective female mosquito who sucks blood.
Familiar Diseases Spread By Mosquitoes
People are most familiar with the diseases caused by mosquitos are namely Malaria and Dengue. But, there are some more widespread diseases that are also caused by mosquitoes rather than these two. Here are they:
- Japanese Encephalitis
- Yellow Fever
- West Nile Virus
Here are some famous diseases that are infected by mosquito bite namely Malaria, Dengue and Chikungunya.
Malaria is commonly caused by parasites, which is primarily called Plasmodium falciparum or Plasmodium vivax. These infective parasites are carried out by female Anopheles mosquitoes who feed on human blood by biting human or animal. The viruses are developed in the body of mosquito for around ten to eighteen days, then the infected virus is carried out through the mosquito bite to another human while feeding blood. Then, the parasites migrate to the liver where they grow and get multiplied. Ultimately, the parasites enter into the human bloodstream and continue emerging in the red blood cells. As they continuously increase, they destroy the human red blood cells. This begins to show some symptoms in human likely fever, flu, chills, sweating, and headaches. The infection created by the parasites can sometimes make the conditions even worse and may cause kidney failure or death of a person, particularly if left untreated. Such patients are cured by prescribed medicine Quinine and anti-malarial drugs to attack the parasites in the blood and provide relief to the patients from the infection.
Dengue is also a major disease that is caused by mosquito bite. Aedes mosquitoes are one of the particular species of mosquitoes that spread this disease in similar ways as West Nile and encephalitis viruses do. This specific mosquito spreads dengue virus after biting a person in about one week. The dengue virus also gets increased and starts damaging the blood cells of an infected person. The symptoms start showing similar to other infections such as high fever, headaches, rashes, eye pain, back and joint pain. If an infected person feels fever up to a week and starts bruising and bleeding, which are the symptoms of dengue hemorrhagic fever. The casualty rate for hemorrhagic fever is also increasing in human-caused by Aedes mosquitoes. Like many other viruses, this virus has also no specific treatment. Physicians simply recommend acetaminophen to cure it and ask to have plenty of fluids and rest for the dengue patient and in serious conditions, hospitalization is required for if patient gets hemorrhagic fever.
Chikungunya is also caused by Aedes mosquitoes bite. The infected person gets Chikungunya fever that is caused by a specific virus that is commonly spread from people to people by a mosquito bite. Chikungunya is also transmitted similar to Dengue fever, particularly by Aedes aegypti mosquito and Aedes albopictus mosquito also known as the Asian tiger mosquito. The infected person gets period is usually 3 – 7 days and the symptoms of Chikungunya includes fever, chills, lower back pain, joint pain with swelling or without, headache, nausea, vomiting, and rashes. Even, there is no vaccine for this Chikungunya fever or to prevent this disease. But, still, somehow the disease is controlled through ibuprofen, naproxen, and paracetamol. The patient must take rest, plenty of fluids and medications to provide relieve the fever and pain.